Patellar tendinopathy (PT) is a common overuse injury of the patellar tendon in jumping athletes. In a recent large cross-sectional study from 2008 several factors were identified that may be associated with the etiology of PT. However, because of the study design no conclusions could be drawn about causal relations. The primary aim of the current study is to investigate whether the factors identified in the previous 2008 study can also be prospectively recognized as predictors of symptomatic PT in 2011. Nine hundred twenty-six Dutch elite and non-elite basketball and volleyball players from the previous study were invited again to complete an online survey about knee complaints and risk factors for PT in 2011. The logistic regression included 385 athletes of which 51 (13%) developed PT since 2008. Male gender [odds ratio (OR) 2.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1–3.5] was found to be a risk factor for developing PT. No sports-related variables could be identified to increase the risk of developing PT, but some evidence was found for performing heavy physically demanding work, like being a nurse or a physical education teacher (OR 2.3, 95% CI 0.9–6.3). These findings indicate that, when considering preventive measures, it is important to take into account the total tendon load.
The systematic review and meta-analysis by Taylor et al is the most current evaluation of injury prevention efforts in basketball. Basketball originated as a noncontact, finesse sport. However, it has evolved into a very physical contest emphasizing total body strength and leverage at the collegiate and professional ranks. Players often use their bodies to jostle for an advantageous position both on offense and defense. The girth and bulk of today’s elite players hints at the demands of today’s game. Contact mechanisms now account for the majority (69.2%) of acute injuries in basketball. It is a vertical and horizontal sport that combines jumping and rapid changes in direction. The axial rotation and lateral movement of the lower extremity is constant, along with the rapid momentum shifts. The vertical and horizontal movements of the game present many lower extremity opportunities for injury as torques and sheer forces are applied to the ankle, knee, and hip. Those physical features and basketball’s global popularity and participation generate many opportunities to study basketball injury epidemiology.
To survey injury/illness in the National Basketball Association over a 25-year period and examine the relationship of injury/illness to team performance.
A retrospective correlational design.
Trends were examined in reported numbers of players injured/ill during a season and games missed due to injury/illness from seasons ending in 1986 through 2005. This period was compared to years 2006-2010, when NBA teams were allowed to increase the total number ofplayers on the team from 12 to 15.
There was a highly significant trend (p<0.0001) of increasing numbers of playersinjured/ill and games missed from 1986 through 2005. After the team expansion in 2006, these rates fell abruptly by 13% and 39% respectively (both p<0.0001 compared to the previous 5-year period). We also found a significant inverse association between games missed due to injury/illness and percent games won (r=-0.29, p<0.0001).
Results demonstrate an increased rate of injury in the National Basketball Association up until the expansion of team size in 2006. Following 2006, team expansion was positively associated with decreased injury/illness rates. The latter finding suggests the importance of maintaining a healthy roster with respect to winning outcomes.
In jump-landing sports, the injury mechanism that most frequently results in an injury is the jump-landing movement. Influencing the movement patterns and biomechanical predisposing factors are supposed to decrease injury occurrence.
To evaluate the influence of a 3-mo coach-supervised jump-landing prevention program on jump-landing technique using the jump-landing scoring (JLS) system.
Randomized controlled trial.
116 athletes age 15-41 y, with 63 athletes in the control group and 53 athletes in the intervention group.
The intervention program in this randomized control trial was administered at the start of the basketball season 2010-11. The jump-landing training program, supervised by the athletic trainers, was performed for a period of 3 mo.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
The jump-landing technique was determined by registering the jump-landing technique of all athletes with the JLS system, pre- and postintervention.
After the prevention program, the athletes of the male and female intervention groups landed with a significantly less erect position than those in the control groups (P < .05). This was presented by a significant improvement in maximal hip flexion, maximal knee flexion, hip active range of motion, and knee active range of motion. Another important finding was that postintervention, knee valgus during landing diminished significantly (P < .05) in the female intervention group compared with their control group. Furthermore, the male intervention group significantly improved (P < .05) the scores of the JLS system from pre- to postintervention.
Malalignments such as valgus position and insufficient knee flexion and hip flexion, previously identified as possible risk factors for lower-extremity injuries, improved significantly after the completion of the prevention program. The JLS system can help in identifying these malalignments.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:
Therapy, prevention, level 1b.
Team ball sports such as soccer, basketball and volleyball have high participation levels worldwide. Musculoskeletal injuries are common in team ball sports and are associated with significant treatment costs, participation loss and long-term negative side effects. The results of recent randomized controlled trials provide support for the protective effect of injury-prevention exercise programmes (IPEPs) in team ball sports, but also highlight that achieving adequate compliance can be challenging. A key process in enhancing the ultimate impact of team ball sport IPEPs is identifying the specific implementation components that influence the adoption, execution and maintenance of these interventions. Despite this, no systematic review focussing on the specific implementation components of team ball sport IPEPs has been conducted.
Our objective was to assess the reporting of specific implementation components in the published literature on team ball sport IPEPs using the Reach Efficacy Adoption Implementation Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework.
Six electronic databases were systematically searched from inception to December 2012 for papers reporting team ball sport IPEP trials. All eligible papers were independently evaluated by two raters before reaching consensus on the reporting of individual RE-AIM items, using the RE-AIM Model Dimension Items Checklist (RE-AIM MDIC).
A total of 60 papers, reporting 52 unique intervention trials, met eligibility criteria. Before consensus, the level of agreement across all trials between reviewers using the RE-AIM MDIC ranged from 81 to 91 %. The RE-AIM MDIC dimension of ‘efficacy’ had the highest level of reporting, with the five individual items in this dimension reported in 19–100 % of eligible trials (mean 58 %). The RE-AIM MDIC dimension ‘maintenance-setting level’ had the lowest level of reporting, with none of the four individual items in this dimension reported. For other dimensions, the mean level of reporting and range across items were ‘reach’ 34 % (12–60 %); ‘adoption-setting level’ 1 % (0–2 %); ‘adoption-delivery agent level’ 7 % (4–10 %); ‘implementation’ 36 % (13–63 %) and ‘maintenance individual level’ 1 % (0–4 %).
Information on the specific implementation components of team ball sport IPEPs in published studies is scarce. In particular, major reporting gaps exist regarding the adoption and maintenance of these programmes. The RE-AIM MDIC can be successfully applied to reviewing literature in this context.
The incidence of sports injuries in high growing between athletes and this phenomenon is the alarm that threatens the lives of athletes alike and this tells us the need to provide more prevention methods to determine the best methods of treatment and rehabilitation of patients in order to quickly restore recovery and return to action in the shortest possible time.
In the context of trying to promote the Union basketball skills and focus on the training centers of the Union and skilled education to reach the highest level of technical and Mhary and my plans, exposing players to injury during training or matches as a result of the difficulty of performance or friction between the players. In that sense, interested researcher to study the phenomenon of sports injuries among basketball players in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the contests first division to reach the controls of the injuries sporting types and locations and causes of injuries to the Centers for various basketball players to utilize a specialist rehabilitation sports, coaches and officials in the clubs to reduce the incidence of injury and avoid them and it is which prompted the researcher to try to find out the sports injuries suffered by players of different centers of basketball.
The study aimed to identify the types and locations and causes of differences in the centers of the player sports injuries suffered by basketball players and the use of researcher descriptive method for basketball players registered for season 2010/2011 the Federation of Basketball Saudi Arabia where the number of players (220) player. It was one of the most important results to be the maximum rate of infection with torsion followed by rupture, followed by breakage and less incidence of dislocation highest percentage of sites of injuries were in the knee, followed by the foot, followed by the thigh and lower proportion of the head the highest percentage of infected bone was of the shoulder night is rib cage, followed by the thigh, followed by the leg.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury is frequently encountered in sports.
To analyze the effects of ACL injury prevention programs on injury rates in femaleathletes between different sports.
A comprehensive literature search was performed in September 2012 using Pubmed Central, Science Direct, CINAHL, PEDro, Cochrane Library, SCOPUS, SPORTDiscus. The key words used were: 'anterior cruciate ligament', 'ACL', 'knee joint', 'knee injuries', 'female', 'athletes', 'neuromuscular', 'training', 'prevention'. The inclusion criteria applied were: (1) ACL injury prevention training programs for female athletes; (2) Athlete-exposure data reporting; (3) Effect of training onACL incidence rates for female athletes.
13 studies met the inclusion criteria. Three training programs in soccer and one in handball led to reduced ACL injury incidence. In basketball no effective training intervention was found. In season training was more effective than preseason inACL injury prevention. A combination of strength training, plyometrics, balance training, technique monitoring with feedback, produced the most favorable results.
Comparing the main components of ACL injury prevention programs for femaleathletes, some sports-dependent training specificity issues may need addressing in future studies, related primarily to the individual biomechanics of each sport but also their most effective method of delivery.
el objetivo del presente estudio fue conocer la incidencia lesional de las jugadoras de baloncesto no profesionales de la ciudad de A Coruña, así como comprobar la posible relación entre recibir tratamiento de fisioterapia y la disminución de recidiva de lesión.
Material y Métodos:
el estudio epidemiológico fue dirigido a 50 jugadoras de baloncesto a las que se les entregó un cuestionario realizado a partir de la literatura publicada, el cual constaba de cuatro partes: datos demográficos, hábitos deportivos, antecedentes lesionales y tratamientos de fisioterapia recibidos.
un 73,52% de las jugadoras cumplimentaron el cuestionario, siendo un 38% aleros, un 28% bases, 18% pívots y un 16% ala-pívots. El sector corporal más incidente es el miembro inferior con un 59,2% de los casos, siendo de un 28,5% las lesiones producidas a nivel del complejo tobillo-pie y un 24,6% las producidas en los dedos de las manos. Para ambas zonas, el tipo de lesión predominante es el esguince de ligamento, suponiendo el 52,3% del total de lesiones. Las tendinopatías (13,8%), roturas fibrilares(10,8%) y las raquialgias(9,2%) también son frecuentes. La posición de alero acumuló mayor número de lesiones (37,7%), siendo mayores en momentos de competición (42%) para todas las posiciones de juego. Un 67,10% de las jugadoras que recibieron tratamiento de fisioterapia no recayeron en la misma lesión, siendo el 74,10% de las jugadoras que no fueron tratadas las que recayeron en dicha lesión.
el sector corporal que presenta mayor número de lesiones es el miembro inferior, con el tobillo-pie como zona más incidente junto con los dedos de la manos. Para ambas zonas, el tipo de lesión más común es el esguince de ligamento, resultando ser la lesión más incidente en todo el estudio. La posición de alero acumuló mayor número de lesiones, siendo mayores en momentos de competición. La fisioterapia disminuye las recidivas de una misma lesión.