ANNOUNCEMENT: Kitman Labs Joins ‘More than Equal’ Quest To Develop First Female Formula 1 Champion READ MORE

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Know Your League: Insights for Player Preparation & Recruitment – Part 3: Player Substitutions

The study reveals first-ever findings that the number of substitutions per team tended to be similar between all leagues, and that substitution numbers increased to 4.5 after the COVID pandemic.

You will also find in this study:

  • Why there is no clear difference between home vs. away matches regarding substitutions.
  • That data suggests that when coaches can make substitutions, they do so. However, there appears to be some small effect of scoreline results and match dynamic that may affect the actual number of substitutions.
  • There was a trend for a higher proportion of observations with low (i.e., 0 or 1) vs. maximum (i.e., 3) substitution numbers when the goal difference was equal to zero.

RECENT STUDY

Factors Associated with Match Outcomes in Elite European Football – Insights from Machine Learning Models

This study examines the key factors influencing match results in European football, analyzing over 61,000 matches using Artificial intelligence (AI).

LEARN MORE ABOUT KITMAN LABS

Announcement

Kitman Labs Joins ‘More than Equal’ Quest To Develop First Female Formula 1 Champion

More than Equal’s mission is to close the gender gap in motor sports and find and develop the first female Formula 1 world champion. They will now have an advanced operating system to centralize data for female drivers participating in More than Equal’s pioneering Development Programme.

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