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Know Your League: Insights for Player Preparation & Recruitment – Part 3: Player Substitutions

The study reveals first-ever findings that the number of substitutions per team tended to be similar between all leagues, and that substitution numbers increased to 4.5 after the COVID pandemic.

You will also find in this study:

  • Why there is no clear difference between home vs. away matches regarding substitutions.
  • That data suggests that when coaches can make substitutions, they do so. However, there appears to be some small effect of scoreline results and match dynamic that may affect the actual number of substitutions.
  • There was a trend for a higher proportion of observations with low (i.e., 0 or 1) vs. maximum (i.e., 3) substitution numbers when the goal difference was equal to zero.

RECENT STUDY

Factors Associated with Match Outcomes in Elite European Football – Insights from Machine Learning Models

This study examines the key factors influencing match results in European football, analyzing over 61,000 matches using Artificial intelligence (AI).

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Announcement

Bayer Leverkusen Renews and Expands Deal with Kitman Labs ‘Intelligence Platform’

On the heels of winning the Bundesliga championship title – the first in Club history – a European record-setting winning run and a six-year pre-existing partnership with Kitman Labs, Bayer Leverkusen announces the extension and expansion of their relationship with Kitman Labs to include the entire Academy.

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